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Chebyshevskii Sb., 2018, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 90–100 (Mi cheb641)  

On the doubling condition for non-negative positive definite functions on on the half-line with power weight

D. V. Gorbachev, V. I. Ivanov

Tula State University

Abstract: Continuous non-negative positive definite functions satisfy the following property:
\begin{equation} \int_{-R}^{R}f(x) dx\le C(R)\int_{-1}^{1}f(x) dx,\quad R\ge 1, \tag{*} \end{equation}
where the smallest positive constant $C(R)$ does not depend on $f$. For $R=2$, this property is well known as the doubling condition at zero. These inequalities have applications in number theory.
In the one-dimensional case, the inequality ($*$) was studied by B.F. Logan (1988), as well as recently by A. Efimov, M. Gaál, and Sz. Révész (2017). It has been proven that $2R-1\le C(R)\le 2R+1$ for $R=2,3,\ldots$, whence it follows that $C(R)\sim 2R$. The question of exact constants is still open.
A multidimensional version of the inequality ($*$) for the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ was investigated by D.V. Gorbachev and S.Yu. Tikhonov (2018). In particular, it was proved that for continuous positive definite functions $f\colon \mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}_{+}$
$$ \int_{|x|\le R}f(x) dx\le c_{n}R^{n}\int_{|x|\le 1}f(x) dx, $$
where $c_{n}\le 2^{n}n\ln n (1+o(1))(1+R^{-1})^{n}$ при $n\to \infty$. For radial functions, we obtain the one-dimensional weight inequality
$$ \int_{0}^{R}f(x)x^{n-1} dx\le c_{n}R^{n}\int_{0}^{1}f(x)x^{n-1} dx,\quad n\in \mathbb{N}. $$

We study the following natural weight generalization of such inequalities:
$$ \int_{0}^{R}f(x)x^{2\alpha+1} dx\le C_{\alpha}(R)\int_{0}^{1}f(x)x^{2\alpha+1} dx,\quad \alpha\ge -1/2, $$
where $f\colon \mathbb{R}_{+}\to \mathbb{R}_{+}$ is an even positive definite function with respect to the weight $x^{2\alpha+1}$. This concept has been introduced by B.M. Levitan (1951) and means that for arbitrary $x_{1},\ldots,x_{N}\in \mathbb{R}_{+}$ matrix $(T_{\alpha}^{x_i}f(x_j))_{i,j=1}^{N}$ is semidefinite. Here $T_{\alpha}^{t}$ is the Bessel–Gegenbauer generalized translation. Levitan proved an analogue of the classical Bochner theorem for such functions according to which $f$ has the nonnegative Hankel transform (in the measure sense).
We prove that for every $\alpha\ge -1/2$
$$ c_{1}(\alpha)R^{2\alpha+2}\le C_{\alpha}(R)\le c_{2}(\alpha)R^{2\alpha+2},\quad R\ge 1. $$
The lower bound is trivially achieved on the function $f(x)=1$. To prove the upper bound we apply lower estimates of the sums $\sum_{k=1}^{m}a_{k}T^{x_{k}}\chi(x)$, where $\chi$ is the characteristic function of the segment $[0,1]$, and also we use properties of the Bessel convolution.

Keywords: positive definite function, doubling condition, Hankel transform, Bessel generalized translation.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22405/2226-8383-2018-19-2-90-100

Full text: PDF file (410 kB)
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UDC: 517.5
Received: 29.05.2018
Accepted:17.08.2018

Citation: D. V. Gorbachev, V. I. Ivanov, “On the doubling condition for non-negative positive definite functions on on the half-line with power weight”, Chebyshevskii Sb., 19:2 (2018), 90–100

Citation in format AMSBIB
\Bibitem{GorIva18}
\by D.~V.~Gorbachev, V.~I.~Ivanov
\paper On the doubling condition for non-negative positive definite functions on on the half-line with power weight
\jour Chebyshevskii Sb.
\yr 2018
\vol 19
\issue 2
\pages 90--100
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/cheb641}
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.22405/2226-8383-2018-19-2-90-100}
\elib{https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37112141}


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