
Izv. Saratov Univ. Math. Mech. Inform., 2017, Volume 17, Issue 3, Pages 285–293
(Mi isu724)




Scientific Part
Mathematics
Linear difference equation of second order in a Banach space and operators splitting
L. Yu. Kabantosva^{} ^{} Voronezh State University, 1, University Square, Voronezh, Russia, 394006
Abstract:
In differential and difference equations classical textbooks, the $n$th order differential and difference equations reducing by standard substitution to firstorder differential and difference equations system is described. Each of the cohering equations can be written in the operator form. Naturally there is a question of coincidence of a number of properties of differential and difference equations (operators) of the second order and the corresponding functional equations (operators) of first order. In this paper we study the second order linear difference equation in the complex Banach space with bounded operator coefficients. The first theorem establishes the simultaneous invertibility of the secondorder difference operator and the corresponding firstorder difference operator, and the inverse operator formula is given. The research is conducted under conditions of the corresponding “algebraic” operator equation with separated roots. Theorem 2 establishes the secondorder operator matrix and blockdiagonal operator matrix similarity. In pair of operator roots separation condition in Theorem 3, the necessary and sufficient condition for the second and the first order difference operators invertibility is obtained. In Theorem 4 we obtain the operators under consideration inverse operators formalism (formula). In Theorems 5 and 6 for bounded solutions on the set of nonnegative integers an asymptotic formalism of these solutions is obtained using operatorvalued functions, this formalism can be called splitting at infinity.
Key words:
Banach space, difference equation of second order, operators splitting.
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.18500/181697912017173285293
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517.9
Citation:
L. Yu. Kabantosva, “Linear difference equation of second order in a Banach space and operators splitting”, Izv. Saratov Univ. Math. Mech. Inform., 17:3 (2017), 285–293
Citation in format AMSBIB
\Bibitem{Kab17}
\by L.~Yu.~Kabantosva
\paper Linear difference equation of second order in a Banach space and operators splitting
\jour Izv. Saratov Univ. Math. Mech. Inform.
\yr 2017
\vol 17
\issue 3
\pages 285293
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/isu724}
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.18500/181697912017173285293}
\elib{https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=29897301}
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