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Pis'ma v Zh. Èksper. Teoret. Fiz., 2006, Volume 83, Issue 1, Pages 3–6 (Mi jetpl1213)  

This article is cited in 71 scientific papers (total in 71 papers)


Composite dark matter from 4-th generation

M. Yu. Khlopovab

a Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
b Center for Cosmoparticle physics "Cosmion"

Abstract: Hypothesis of heavy stable quark of 4th family can provide a nontrivial solution for cosmological dark matter if baryon asymmetry in 4th family has negative sign and the excess of $\bar U$ antiquarks with charge $(-2/3)$ is generated in early Universe. Excessive $\bar U$ antiquarks form $(\bar U\bar U\bar U)$ antibaryons with electric charge $-2$, which are all captured by $\mathrm{^4He}$ and trapped in $[^4\mathrm{He}^{++}(\bar U\bar U\bar U)^{–}]$ O-helium OHe “atom”, as soon as $\mathrm{^4He}$ is formed in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. Interaction of O-helium with nuclei opens new path to creation heavy nuclides in Big Bang nucleosynthesis. Due to large mass of $U$ quark, OHe “atomic” gas decouples from baryonic matter and plays the role of dark matter in large scale structure formation with structures in small scales being suppressed. Owing to nuclear interaction with matter cosmic O-helium from galactic dark matter halo are slowed down in Earth below the thresholds of underground dark matter detectors. However, experimental test of this hypothesis is possible in search for OHe in balloon-borne experiments and for $U$ hadrons in cosmic rays and accelerators. OHe “atoms” might form anomalous isotopes and can cause cold nuclear transformations in matter, offering possible way to exclude (or prove?) their existence.

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Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Letters, 2006, 83:1, 1–4

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PACS: 14.80.-j, 95.35.+d
Received: 01.12.2005

Citation: M. Yu. Khlopov, “Composite dark matter from 4-th generation”, Pis'ma v Zh. Èksper. Teoret. Fiz., 83:1 (2006), 3–6; JETP Letters, 83:1 (2006), 1–4

Citation in format AMSBIB
\by M.~Yu.~Khlopov
\paper Composite dark matter from 4-th generation
\jour Pis'ma v Zh. \`Eksper. Teoret. Fiz.
\yr 2006
\vol 83
\issue 1
\pages 3--6
\jour JETP Letters
\yr 2006
\vol 83
\issue 1
\pages 1--4

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