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Pis'ma v Zh. Èksper. Teoret. Fiz., 2012, Volume 96, Issue 4, Pages 231–237 (Mi jetpl3203)  

This article is cited in 7 scientific papers (total in 7 papers)

ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY

The cosmological constant: a lesson from the effective gravity of topological Weyl media

G. Jannesa, G. E. Volovikab

a Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University School of Science
b L. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract: Topological matter with Weyl points, such as superfluid $^3$He-A, provide an explicit example where there is a direct connection between the properly determined vacuum energy and the cosmological constant of the effective gravity emerging in condensed matter. This is in contrast to the acoustic gravity emerging in Bose–Einstein condensates (S. Finazzi, S. Liberati and L. Sindoni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 071101 (2012); arXiv:1103.4841). The advantage of topological matter is that the relativistic fermions and gauge bosons emerging near the Weyl point obey the same effective metric and thus the effective gravity is more closely related to real gravity. We study this connection in the bi-metric gravity emerging in $^3$He-A, and its relation to the graviton masses, by comparison with a fully relativistic bi-metric theory of gravity. This shows that the parameter $\lambda$, which in $^3$He-A is the bi-metric generalization of the cosmological constant, coincides with the difference in the proper energy of the vacuum in two states (the nonequilibrium state without gravity and the equilibrium state in which gravity emerges) and is on the order of the characteristic Planck energy scale of the system. Although the cosmological constant $\lambda$ is huge, the cosmological term $T^{\Lambda}_{\mu\nu}$ itself is naturally non-constant and vanishes in the equilibrium vacuum, as dictated by thermodynamics. This suggests that the equilibrium state of any system including the final state of the Universe is not gravitating.

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English version:
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Letters, 2012, 96:4, 215–221

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Received: 04.07.2012
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Citation: G. Jannes, G. E. Volovik, “The cosmological constant: a lesson from the effective gravity of topological Weyl media”, Pis'ma v Zh. Èksper. Teoret. Fiz., 96:4 (2012), 231–237; JETP Letters, 96:4 (2012), 215–221

Citation in format AMSBIB
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\paper The cosmological constant: a lesson from the effective gravity
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\jour Pis'ma v Zh. \`Eksper. Teoret. Fiz.
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\vol 96
\issue 4
\pages 231--237
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\transl
\jour JETP Letters
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\pages 215--221
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.1134/S0021364012160035}
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    Citing articles on Google Scholar: Russian citations, English citations
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    This publication is cited in the following articles:
    1. Barcelo C., Carballo-Rubio R., Garay L.J., Jannes G., New J. Phys., 16 (2014), 123028  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    2. Belenchia A., Liberati S., Mohd A., Phys. Rev. D, 90:10 (2014)  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    3. Jannes G., Found. Phys., 45:3 (2015), 279–294  crossref  mathscinet  zmath  isi  elib  scopus
    4. Consoli M., Found. Phys., 45:1 (2015), 22–43  crossref  mathscinet  isi  elib  scopus
    5. S.-Y. Cha, U. R. Fischer, Phys. Rev. Lett., 118:13 (2017), 130404  crossref  isi  scopus
    6. G. Calcagni: G. Calcagni, Classical and Quantum Cosmology, Graduate Texts in Physics, Springer, 2017, 301–388  crossref  mathscinet  isi
    7. Consoli M., Pluchino A., Eur. Phys. J. Plus, 133:8 (2018), 295  crossref  isi  scopus
  •       Pis'ma v Zhurnal ksperimental'noi i Teoreticheskoi Fiziki
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