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Pis'ma v Zh. Èksper. Teoret. Fiz., 2014, Volume 100, Issue 6, Pages 397–401 (Mi jetpl4120)  

This article is cited in 17 scientific papers (total in 17 papers)

ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY

Breaks in gamma-ray spectra of distant blazars and transparency of the Universe

G. I. Rubtsov, S. V. Troitskii

Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Abstract: Energetic gamma rays scatter on soft background radiation when propagating through the Universe, producing electron-positron pairs (A. I. Nikishov, Sov. Phys. JETP 14, 393 (1962)). Gamma rays with energies between $100$ GeV and a few TeV interact mostly with infrared background photons whose amount is poorly known experimentally but safely constrained from below by account of the contribution of observed light from known galaxies (R. C. Keenan, A. J. Barger, L. L. Cowie, and W.-H. Wang, Astrophys. J. 723, 40 (2010); arXiv:1102.2428). The expected opacity of the intergalactic space limits the mean free path of TeV gamma rays to dozens of Megaparsecs. However, TeV photons from numerous more distant sources have been detected (S. P. Wakely and D. Horan, http://tevcat.uchicago.edu). This might be interpreted, in each particular case, in terms of hardening of the emitted spectrum caused by presently unknown mechanisms at work in the sources (S. Archambault et al. (VERITAS and Fermi LAT Collaborations), Astrophys. J. 785, L16 (2014); arXiv:1403.4308). Here we show that this interpretation is not supported by the analysis of the ensemble of all observed sources. In the frameworks of an infrared-background model with the lowest opacity (R. C. Gilmore, R. S. Somerville, J. R. Primack, and A. Dominguez, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 422, 3189 (2012); arXiv:1104.0671), we reconstruct the emitted spectra of distant blazars and find that upward spectral breaks appear precisely at those energies where absorption effects are essential. Since these energies are very different for similar sources located at various distances, we conclude that the breaks are artefacts of the incorrect account of absorption and, therefore, the opacity of the Universe for gamma rays is overestimated even in the most conservative model. This implies that some novel physical or astrophysical phenomena should affect long-distance propagation of gamma rays. A scenario in which a part of energetic photons is converted to an inert new particle in the vicinity of the source and reconverts back close to the observer (M. Simet, D. Hooper, and P. Serpico, Phys. Rev. D 77, 063001 (2008); arXiv:0712.2825; M. Fairbairn, T. Rashba, and S. Troitsky, Phys. Rev. D 84, 125019 (2011); arXiv:0901.4085) does not contradict to our results. This new axion-like particle appears in several extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics (J. Jaeckel and A. Ringwald, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 60, 405 (2010); arXiv:1002.0329) and may constitute the dark matter (P. Arias et al., JCAP 1206, 013 (2012); arXiv:1201.5902).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7868/S0370274X14180015

Full text: PDF file (258 kB)
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English version:
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Letters, 2014, 100:6, 355–359

Bibliographic databases:

Document Type: Article
Received: 03.07.2014
Revised: 13.08.2014
Language: English

Citation: G. I. Rubtsov, S. V. Troitskii, “Breaks in gamma-ray spectra of distant blazars and transparency of the Universe”, Pis'ma v Zh. Èksper. Teoret. Fiz., 100:6 (2014), 397–401; JETP Letters, 100:6 (2014), 355–359

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    2. Yan D., Zhang L., “Understanding the TeV Emission From a Distant Blazar Pks 1424+240 in a Lepto-Hadronic Jet Model”, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., 447:3 (2015), 2810–2816  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
    3. Payez A., Evoli C., Fischer T., Giannotti M., Mirizzi A., Ringwald A., “Revisiting the Sn1987a Gamma-Ray Limit on Ultralight Axion-Like Particles”, J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys., 2015, no. 2, 006  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    4. Biteau J., Williams D.A., “the Extragalactic Background Light, the Hubble Constant, and Anomalies: Conclusions From 20 Years of TeV Gamma-Ray Observations”, Astrophys. J., 812:1 (2015), 60  crossref  adsnasa  isi  scopus
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    6. Carvajal C.D.R., Dias A.G., Nishi C.C., Sanchez-Vega B.L., “Axion Like Particles and the Inverse Seesaw Mechanism”, J. High Energy Phys., 2015, no. 5, 069  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    7. Tavecchio F., Roncadelli M., Galanti G., “Photons To Axion-Like Particles Conversion in Active Galactic Nuclei”, Phys. Lett. B, 744 (2015), 375–379  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
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