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The problem of finding the maximal multiple flow in the divisible network and its special cases
A. V. Smirnov
P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Sovetskaya str., 14, Yaroslavl, 150000, Russia
In the article the problem of finding the maximal multiple flow in the network of any natural multiplicity $k$ is studied. There are arcs of three types: ordinary arcs, multiple arcs and multi-arcs. Each multiple and multi-arc is a union of $k$ linked arcs, which are adjusted with each other. The network constructing rules are described.
The definitions of a divisible network and some associated subjects are stated. The important property of the divisible network is that every divisible network can be partitioned into $k$ parts, which are adjusted on the linked arcs of each multiple and multi-arc. Each part is the ordinary transportation network.
The main results of the article are the following subclasses of the problem of finding the maximal multiple flow in the divisible network.
- The divisible networks with the multi-arc constraints. Assume that only one vertex is the ending vertex for a multi-arc in $k-1$ network parts. In this case the problem can be solved in a polynomial time.
- The divisible networks with the weak multi-arc constraints. Assume that only one vertex is the ending vertex for a multi-arc in $s$ network parts ($1\leq s<k-1$) and other parts have at least two such vertices. In that case the multiplicity of the multiple flow problem can be decreased to $k-s$.
- The divisible network of the parallel structure. Assume that the divisible network component, which consists of all multiple arcs, can be partitioned into subcomponents, each of them containing exactly one vertex-beginning of a multi-arc. Suppose that intersection of each pair of subcomponents is the only vertex-network source $x_0$. If $k=2$, the maximal flow problem can be solved in a polynomial time. If $k\geq3$, the problem is $NP$-complete.
The algorithms for each polynomial subclass are suggested. Also, the multiplicity decreasing algorithm for the divisible network with weak multi-arc constraints is formulated.
multiple networks, multiple flows, divisible networks, $NP$-completeness, polynomial algorithm.
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A. V. Smirnov, “The problem of finding the maximal multiple flow in the divisible network and its special cases”, Model. Anal. Inform. Sist., 22:4 (2015), 533–545
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\paper The problem of finding the maximal multiple flow in the divisible network and its special cases
\jour Model. Anal. Inform. Sist.
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A. V. Smirnov, “Setevaya model dlya zadachi tselochislennogo sbalansirovaniya chetyrekhmernoi matritsy”, Model. i analiz inform. sistem, 23:4 (2016), 466–478
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