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Mat. Zametki:

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Mat. Zametki, 2018, Volume 103, Issue 6, paper published in the English version journal (Mi mz12096)  

This article is cited in 2 scientific papers (total in 2 papers)

Papers published in the English version of the journal

Statistical Transition of Bose Gas to Fermi Gas

V. P. Maslovab

a Ishlinsky Institute for Problems in Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
b National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

Abstract: It is well known that the formula for the Fermi distribution is obtained from the formula for the Bose distribution if the argument of the polylogarithm, the activity $a$, the energy, and the number of particles change sign. The paper deals with the behavior of the Bose–Einstein distribution as $a\to 0$; in particular, the neighborhood of the point $a=0$ is studied in great detail, and the expansion of both the Bose distribution and the Fermi distribution in powers of the parameter $a$ is used. During the transition from the Bose distribution to the Fermi distribution, the principal term of the distribution for the specific energy undergoes a jump as $a\to 0$. In this paper, we find the value of the parameter $a$, close to zero, but not equal to zero, for which the Bose distribution (in the statistical sense) becomes zero. This allows us to find the point $a$, distinct from zero, at which a jump of the specific energy occurs. Using the value of the number of particles on the caustic, we can obtain the jump of the total energy of the Bose system to the Fermi system. Near the value $a=0$, the author uses Gentile statistics, which makes it possible to study the transition from the Bose statistics to the the Fermi statistics in great detail. Here an important role is played by the self-consistent equation obtained by the author earlier.

Keywords: Bose statistics, Fermi statistics, Gentile statistics, jump of specific energy, self-consistent equation.

Funding Agency Grant Number
Russian Academy of Sciences - Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations AAAA-A17-117021310377-1
This work was supported by Government Grant AAAA-A17-117021310377-1.

English version:
Mathematical Notes, 2018, 103:6, 929–935

Bibliographic databases:

Received: 27.04.2018

Citation: V. P. Maslov, “Statistical Transition of Bose Gas to Fermi Gas”, Math. Notes, 103:6 (2018), 929–935

Citation in format AMSBIB
\by V.~P.~Maslov
\paper Statistical Transition of Bose Gas to Fermi Gas
\jour Math. Notes
\yr 2018
\vol 103
\issue 6
\pages 929--935

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    This publication is cited in the following articles:
    1. V. P. Maslov, “Analytical number theory and the energy of transition of Bose gas to Fermi gas. Critical lines as boundaries of noninteracting gas (an analog of the Bose gas in classical thermodynamics)”, Russ. J. Math. Phys., 25:2 (2018), 220–232  crossref  mathscinet  zmath  isi
    2. V. P. Maslov, “New formulas related to analytic number theory and their applications in statistical physics”, Theoret. and Math. Phys., 196:1 (2018), 1082–1087  mathnet  crossref  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib
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