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Nanosystems: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, 2016, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 378–383 (Mi nano210)  

CONTRIBUTED TALKS

The use of beam and fiber splitters in quantum random number generators based on vacuum fluctuations

A. E. Ivanova, S. A. Chivilikhin, A. V. Gleim

ITMO University, Kronverkskiy, 49, St. Petersburg, 197101, Russia

Abstract: Quantum random number generators based on vacuum fluctuations produce truly random numbers that can be used for applications are requiring a high degree of randomness. A beam splitter with two inputs and two outputs is normally used in these systems. In this paper, mathematical descriptions were obtained for the use of such beam splitter and fiber $\mathrm{Y}$-splitter in quantum random number generation systems with homodyne detection. We derived equations which allowed us to estimate the impact of the scheme parameters' imperfection upon measurement results. We also obtained mathematical expressions, demonstrating the equivalence of quantum descriptions for a $\mathrm{Y}$-splitter and a beam splitter with two inputs.

Keywords: quantum random number generation, beam splitter, $\mathrm{Y}$-splitter, vacuum fluctuations.

Funding Agency Grant Number
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation 074-U01
This work was partially financially supported by the Government of the Russian Federation (grant 074-U01).


DOI: https://doi.org/10.17586/2220-8054-2016-7-2-378-383

Full text: PDF file (215 kB)
Full text: http://nanojournal.ifmo.ru/en/articles-2/volume7/7-2/contributed-talks/paper10/

Bibliographic databases:

PACS: 03.67.-a
Received: 22.01.2016
Language:

Citation: A. E. Ivanova, S. A. Chivilikhin, A. V. Gleim, “The use of beam and fiber splitters in quantum random number generators based on vacuum fluctuations”, Nanosystems: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, 7:2 (2016), 378–383

Citation in format AMSBIB
\Bibitem{IvaChiGle16}
\by A.~E.~Ivanova, S.~A.~Chivilikhin, A.~V.~Gleim
\paper The use of beam and fiber splitters in quantum random number generators based on vacuum fluctuations
\jour Nanosystems: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
\yr 2016
\vol 7
\issue 2
\pages 378--383
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/nano210}
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.17586/2220-8054-2016-7-2-378-383}
\isi{http://gateway.isiknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&KeyUT=000387463100010}


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