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Regul. Chaotic Dyn., 2018, Volume 23, Issue 2, Pages 178–192 (Mi rcd317)  

This article is cited in 1 scientific paper (total in 1 paper)

Regular and Chaotic Dynamics of a Chaplygin Sleigh due to Periodic Switch of the Nonholonomic Constraint

Sergey P. Kuznetsovab

a Kotel’nikov’s Institute of Radio-Engineering and Electronics of RAS, Saratov Branch, ul. Zelenaya 38, Saratov, 410019 Russia
b Udmurt State University, ul. Universitetskaya 1, Izhevsk, 426034 Russia

Abstract: The main goal of the article is to suggest a two-dimensional map that could play the role of a generalized model similar to the standard Chirikov–Taylor mapping, but appropriate for energy-conserving nonholonomic dynamics. In this connection, we consider a Chaplygin sleigh on a plane, supposing that the nonholonomic constraint switches periodically in such a way that it is located alternately at each of three legs supporting the sleigh. We assume that at the initiation of the constraint the respective element (“knife edge”) is directed along the local velocity vector and becomes instantly fixed relative to the sleigh till the next switch. Differential equations of the mathematical model are formulated and an analytical derivation of mapping for the state evolution on the switching period is provided. The dynamics take place with conservation of the mechanical energy, which plays the role of one of the parameters responsible for the type of the dynamic behavior. At the same time, the Liouville theorem does not hold, and the phase volume can undergo compression or expansion in certain state space domains. Numerical simulations reveal phenomena characteristic of nonholonomic systems with complex dynamics (like the rattleback or the Chaplygin top). In particular, on the energy surface attractors associated with regular sustained motions can occur, settling in domains of prevalent phase volume compression together with repellers in domains of the phase volume expansion. In addition, chaotic and quasi-periodic regimes take place similar to those observed in conservative nonlinear dynamics.

Keywords: nonholonomic mechanics, Chaplygin sleigh, attractor, chaos, bifurcation, Chirikov–Taylor map

Funding Agency Grant Number
Russian Science Foundation 15-12-20035
This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, grant ¹ 15-12-20035.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S1560354718020041

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Received: 09.11.2017
Accepted:04.12.2017
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Citation: Sergey P. Kuznetsov, “Regular and Chaotic Dynamics of a Chaplygin Sleigh due to Periodic Switch of the Nonholonomic Constraint”, Regul. Chaotic Dyn., 23:2 (2018), 178–192

Citation in format AMSBIB
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\by Sergey P. Kuznetsov
\paper Regular and Chaotic Dynamics of a Chaplygin Sleigh due to Periodic Switch of the Nonholonomic Constraint
\jour Regul. Chaotic Dyn.
\yr 2018
\vol 23
\issue 2
\pages 178--192
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/rcd317}
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.1134/S1560354718020041}
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\scopus{http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?origin=inward&eid=2-s2.0-85045007553}


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    Citing articles on Google Scholar: Russian citations, English citations
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    This publication is cited in the following articles:
    1. Alexey V. Borisov, Sergey P. Kuznetsov, “Comparing Dynamics Initiated by an Attached Oscillating Particle for the Nonholonomic Model of a Chaplygin Sleigh and for a Model with Strong Transverse and Weak Longitudinal Viscous Friction Applied at a Fixed Point on the Body”, Regul. Chaotic Dyn., 23:7-8 (2018), 803–820  mathnet  crossref
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