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SIGMA, 2012, Volume 8, 005, 30 pages (Mi sigma682)  

This article is cited in 20 scientific papers (total in 20 papers)

Entropy of quantum black holes

Romesh K. Kaul

The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Chennai-600 113, India

Abstract: In the Loop Quantum Gravity, black holes (or even more general Isolated Horizons) are described by a $SU(2)$ Chern–Simons theory. There is an equivalent formulation of the horizon degrees of freedom in terms of a $U(1)$ gauge theory which is just a gauged fixed version of the $SU(2)$ theory. These developments will be surveyed here. Quantum theory based on either formulation can be used to count the horizon micro-states associated with quantum geometry fluctuations and from this the micro-canonical entropy can be obtained. We shall review the computation in $SU(2)$ formulation. Leading term in the entropy is proportional to horizon area with a coefficient depending on the Barbero–Immirzi parameter which is fixed by matching this result with the Bekenstein–Hawking formula. Remarkably there are corrections beyond the area term, the leading one is logarithm of the horizon area with a definite coefficient $-3/2$, a result which is more than a decade old now. How the same results are obtained in the equivalent $U(1)$ framework will also be indicated. Over years, this entropy formula has also been arrived at from a variety of other perspectives. In particular, entropy of BTZ black holes in three dimensional gravity exhibits the same logarithmic correction. Even in the String Theory, many black hole models are known to possess such properties. This suggests a possible universal nature of this logarithmic correction.

Keywords: black holes, micro-canonical entropy, topological field theories; $SU(2)$ Chern–Simons theory, Isolated Horizons, Bekenstein–Hawking formula, logarithmic correction, Barbero–Immirzi parameter, conformal field theories, Cardy formula, BTZ black hole, canonical entropy.


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ArXiv: 1201.6102
MSC: 81T13, 81T45, 83C57, 83C45, 83C47
Received: September 14, 2011; in final form February 3, 2012; Published online February 8, 2012

Citation: Romesh K. Kaul, “Entropy of quantum black holes”, SIGMA, 8 (2012), 005, 30 pp.

Citation in format AMSBIB
\by Romesh K. Kaul
\paper Entropy of quantum black holes
\jour SIGMA
\yr 2012
\vol 8
\papernumber 005
\totalpages 30

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    2. Lochan K. Vaz C., “Statistical Analysis of Entropy Correction From Topological Defects in Loop Black Holes”, Phys. Rev. D, 86:4 (2012), 044035  crossref  mathscinet  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
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    5. Livine E.R., “Deformations of Polyhedra and Polygons by the Unitary Group”, J. Math. Phys., 54:12 (2013), 123504  crossref  mathscinet  zmath  adsnasa  isi  scopus
    6. Sen A., “Logarithmic Corrections to Schwarzschild and Other Non-Extremal Black Hole Entropy in Different Dimensions”, J. High Energy Phys., 2013, no. 4, 156  crossref  mathscinet  isi  scopus
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    10. Majhi A., Majumdar P., “‘Quantum Hairs’ and Entropy of the Quantum Isolated Horizon From Chern-Simons Theory”, Class. Quantum Gravity, 31:19 (2014), 195003  crossref  mathscinet  zmath  adsnasa  isi  scopus
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    12. Pradhan P., “Horizon Straddling Iscos in Spherically Symmetric String Black Holes”, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 24:11 (2015), 1550086  crossref  mathscinet  zmath  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
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  • Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications
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