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TMF, 2019, Volume 201, Number 2, Pages 291–309 (Mi tmf9706)  

Quantum entanglement in the nonrelativistic collision between two identical fermions with spin $1/2$

K. A. Kouzakov

Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Abstract: In the framework of nonstationary scattering theory, we study the formation of an entangled state of two identical nonrelativistic spin-$1/2$ particles as a result of their elastic scattering. The measure of particle entanglement in the final channel is described using pair concurrence. For the indicated quantitative criterion, we obtain general expressions in terms of the direct and exchange scattering amplitudes in the cases of pure and mixed spin states of the pair in the initial channel. We consider the violation of Bell's inequality in the final channel. We show that as a result of a collision between unpolarized particles, a Werner spin state of the pair forms, which is entangled if the singlet component of the angular differential scattering cross section in the center-of-mass reference frame exceeds the triplet component. We use the process of free electron–electron scattering as an example to illustrate the developed formalism.

Keywords: quantum entanglement, pair concurrence, Bell's inequality, nonrelativistic collision, identical fermions, electron–electron scattering.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4213/tmf9706

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English version:
Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 2019, 201:2, 1664–1679

Bibliographic databases:

PACS: 03.65.Ud; 03.67.Bg
MSC: 81U05
Received: 14.02.2019
Revised: 26.05.2019

Citation: K. A. Kouzakov, “Quantum entanglement in the nonrelativistic collision between two identical fermions with spin $1/2$”, TMF, 201:2 (2019), 291–309; Theoret. and Math. Phys., 201:2 (2019), 1664–1679

Citation in format AMSBIB
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\by K.~A.~Kouzakov
\paper Quantum entanglement in the~nonrelativistic collision between two
identical fermions with spin~$1/2$
\jour TMF
\yr 2019
\vol 201
\issue 2
\pages 291--309
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/tmf9706}
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.4213/tmf9706}
\adsnasa{http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/bib_query?2019TMP...201.1664K}
\transl
\jour Theoret. and Math. Phys.
\yr 2019
\vol 201
\issue 2
\pages 1664--1679
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.1134/S0040577919110102}
\scopus{http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?origin=inward&eid=2-s2.0-85076338276}


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  • Теоретическая и математическая физика Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
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