Revealing nonperturbative effects in the SYK model
I. Ya. Aref'eva, I. V. Volovich, M. A. Khramtsov
Steklov Mathematical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
In the large-$N$ limit, we study saddle points of two SYK chains coupled by an interaction that is nonlocal in Euclidean time. We study the free model with the order of the fermionic interaction $q=2$ analytically and also investigate the model with interaction in the case $q=4$ numerically. We show that in both cases, there is a nontrivial phase structure with an infinite number of phases. Each phase corresponds to a saddle point in the noninteracting two-replica SYK. The nontrivial saddle points have a nonzero value of the replica-nondiagonal correlator in the sense of quasiaveraging if the coupling between replicas is turned off. The nonlocal interaction between replicas thus provides a protocol for turning the nonperturbatively subleading effects in SYK into nonequilibrium configurations that dominate at large $N$. For comparison, we also study two SYK chains with local interaction for $q=2$ and $q=4$. We show that the $q=2$ model has a similar phase structure, while the phase structure differs in the $q=4$ model, dual to the traversable wormhole.
SYK model, large-$N$ limit, nonperturbative effect,
replica-nondiagonal solution, quasiaverage, spontaneous symmetry breaking.
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Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, 2019, 201:2, 1585–1605
I. Ya. Aref'eva, I. V. Volovich, M. A. Khramtsov, “Revealing nonperturbative effects in the SYK model”, TMF, 201:2 (2019), 198–221; Theoret. and Math. Phys., 201:2 (2019), 1585–1605
Citation in format AMSBIB
\by I.~Ya.~Aref'eva, I.~V.~Volovich, M.~A.~Khramtsov
\paper Revealing nonperturbative effects in the~SYK model
\jour Theoret. and Math. Phys.
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