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Teor. Veroyatnost. i Primenen., 2004, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 191–197 (Mi tvp246)  

This article is cited in 13 scientific papers (total in 13 papers)

Short Communications

On the maximum correlation coefficient

W. Bryca, A. Dembob, A. Kaganc

a University of Cincinnati, Department of Mathematical Sciences
b Stanford University
c University of Maryland

Abstract: For an arbitrary random vector $(X,Y)$ and an independent random variable $Z$ it is shown that the maximum correlation coefficient between $X$ and $Y+\lambda Z$ as a function of $\lambda$ is lower semicontinuous everywhere and continuous at zero where it attains its maximum. If, moreover, $Z$ is in the class of self-decomposable random variables, then the maximal correlation coefficient is right continuous, nonincreasing for $\lambda\geqslant 0$ and left continuous, nondecreasing for $\lambda \leqslant 0$. Independent random variables $X$ and $Z$ are Gaussian if and only if the maximum correlation coefficient between $X$ and $X+\lambda Z$ equals the linear correlation between them. The maximum correlation coefficient between the sum of $n$ arbitrary independent identically distributed random variables and the sum of the first $m<n$ of these equals $\sqrt{m/n}$ (previously proved only for random variables with finite second moments, where it amounts also to the linear correlation). Examples provided reveal counterintuitive behavior of the maximum correlation coefficient for more general $Z$ and in the limit $\lambda \to \infty$.

Keywords: dependence, maximum correlation, self-decomposable random variables.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4213/tvp246

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English version:
Theory of Probability and its Applications, 2005, 49:1, 132–138

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Received: 01.04.2003

Citation: W. Bryc, A. Dembo, A. Kagan, “On the maximum correlation coefficient”, Teor. Veroyatnost. i Primenen., 49:1 (2004), 191–197; Theory Probab. Appl., 49:1 (2005), 132–138

Citation in format AMSBIB
\by W.~Bryc, A.~Dembo, A.~Kagan
\paper On the maximum correlation coefficient
\jour Teor. Veroyatnost. i Primenen.
\yr 2004
\vol 49
\issue 1
\pages 191--197
\jour Theory Probab. Appl.
\yr 2005
\vol 49
\issue 1
\pages 132--138

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