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TVT, 2006, Volume 44, Issue 1, Pages 25–31 (Mi tvt1285)  

Plasma Investigations

A two-dimensional mathematical model of a short vacuum arc in external magnetic field: results of numerical calculations

Ya. I. Londer, K. N. Ulyanov

Russian Electrotechnical Institute Named after V. I. Lenin

Abstract: The paper deals with the investigation of the impact made by two-dimensional effects on the process of passage of current in a short vacuum arc in an axial magnetic field. A two-fluid mathematical model is used, which is based on hydrodynamic and electrodynamic equations. The axial magnetic field $B_z$ affects significantly the magnitude of two-dimensional effects: the two-dimensional effects increase with decreasing $B_z$. The simulation results demonstrate that the contraction of plasma density exceeds that of current density. The distribution of anode drop of potential on the anode surface is nonuniform; in the case of certain (critical) values of current, the anode drop goes to zero on the external boundary of plasma. The dependence of the critical current on $B_z$ is determined. The distribution of current density on the starting plane is nonuniform with a maximum on the axis, and the ion trajectories are inclined to the discharge axis. The possibility is discussed of matching the solution in the plasma region of vacuum arc with that for cathode flames.

Full text: PDF file (1502 kB)

English version:
High Temperature, 2006, 44:1, 22–28

UDC: 537.525.5
Received: 22.07.2004

Citation: Ya. I. Londer, K. N. Ulyanov, “A two-dimensional mathematical model of a short vacuum arc in external magnetic field: results of numerical calculations”, TVT, 44:1 (2006), 25–31; High Temperature, 44:1 (2006), 22–28

Citation in format AMSBIB
\Bibitem{LonUly06}
\by Ya.~I.~Londer, K.~N.~Ulyanov
\paper A two-dimensional mathematical model of a short vacuum arc in external magnetic field: results of numerical calculations
\jour TVT
\yr 2006
\vol 44
\issue 1
\pages 25--31
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/tvt1285}
\elib{http://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=9242442}
\transl
\jour High Temperature
\yr 2006
\vol 44
\issue 1
\pages 22--28
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.1007/s10740-006-0003-5}
\elib{http://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=13503649}
\scopus{http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?origin=inward&eid=2-s2.0-33644905000}


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