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TVT, 2002, Volume 40, Issue 3, Pages 388–394 (Mi tvt1796)  

Thermophysical Properties of Materials

The Tricritical Point

I. I. Novikov

A. Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract: Analysis of critical phenomena in bodies with the tricritical point, based on the Gibbs equations for the critical state, is performed. The generalized Gibbs equations allow for the difference in the symmetry of the phases, which is characteristic of bodies with the tricritical point. Successive analysis enables one to clarify all characteristics of the critical state of the class of bodies being treated, whose singularity is that their phase diagram contains regions of phase transitions of both the first and second kind, and to establish the regularity of variation of the properties in the vicinity of the tricritical point. In particular, it is demonstrated that the specific heat $C_V$ goes to infinity at the tricritical point following the logarithmic law (along the critical isochore), and the sound velocity vanishes. In the regions of phase transitions of the second kind, the specific heat $C_p$ reaches an infinitely high value at the transition point $T_c$ at $p = const$ also following the logarithmic law. The line of phase equilibrium is a cubic parabola. In the critical state, the second variation of the internal energy $\delta_2E(S$, $V)$ is zero; and, in the vicinity of the line of phase transitions of the second kind, it varies as $(T - T_c)^2$. In the critical state, the heat conductivity goes to infinity, etc.

Full text: PDF file (1807 kB)

English version:
High Temperature, 2002, 40:3, 352–358

Bibliographic databases:

UDC: 536.7.002.2
Received: 17.07.2001

Citation: I. I. Novikov, “The Tricritical Point”, TVT, 40:3 (2002), 388–394; High Temperature, 40:3 (2002), 352–358

Citation in format AMSBIB
\Bibitem{Nov02}
\by I.~I.~Novikov
\paper The Tricritical Point
\jour TVT
\yr 2002
\vol 40
\issue 3
\pages 388--394
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/tvt1796}
\transl
\jour High Temperature
\yr 2002
\vol 40
\issue 3
\pages 352--358
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016003805675}
\isi{http://gateway.isiknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&KeyUT=000176479800004}


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