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UFN, 2005, Volume 175, Number 10, Pages 1069–1091 (Mi ufn233)  

This article is cited in 53 scientific papers (total in 54 papers)


Analysis of a new electron-runaway mechanism and record-high runaway-electron currents achieved in dense-gas discharges

L. P. Babich

Russian Federal Nuclear Center — All-Russian Research Institute for Experimental Physics

Abstract: It is shown that the 'new' runaway criterion for electrons in dense gases suggested by Tarasenko and Yakovlenko (Usp. Fiz. Nauk 953 (2004) [Phys. Usp. 47 887 (2004)]) is actually not a criterion, and the ‘upper’ curve of the $U(Pd)$ dependence does not exist. Only the $Z$-shaped segment of $U(Pd)$ in the region of small $Pd$, known for helium since the early 1930s, agrees with the reality. The decrease in the ionization coefficient with $E/P$ increasing and the existence of $Pd_{\min}$ for helium have been known since the same time. Doubt is cast upon the ‘record’ runaway-electron currents at $P=1$ atm. The acceleration mechanism suggested in the above article has been known for a long time, and the interpretation of the 'record' runaway-electron currents on this basis is the result of fitting the data to the formula that implies the lack of electron multiplication but is ‘understood’ by Tarasenko and Yakovlenko as a runaway criterion. Nothing new has been added to the mechanism of volumetric discharge formation, but mistakes have been made.


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Physics–Uspekhi, 2005, 48:10, 1015–1037

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PACS: 41.75.Fr, 51.50.+v, 52.80.Dy
Received: February 28, 2005

Citation: L. P. Babich, “Analysis of a new electron-runaway mechanism and record-high runaway-electron currents achieved in dense-gas discharges”, UFN, 175:10 (2005), 1069–1091; Phys. Usp., 48:10 (2005), 1015–1037

Citation in format AMSBIB
\by L.~P.~Babich
\paper Analysis of a new electron-runaway mechanism and record-high runaway-electron currents achieved in dense-gas discharges
\jour UFN
\yr 2005
\vol 175
\issue 10
\pages 1069--1091
\jour Phys. Usp.
\yr 2005
\vol 48
\issue 10
\pages 1015--1037

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    This publication is cited in the following articles:
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