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UFN, 2011, Volume 181, Number 4, Pages 365–387 (Mi ufn2361)  

This article is cited in 16 scientific papers (total in 16 papers)

REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS

Kinetic methods for measuring the temperature of clusters and nanoparticles in molecular beams

G. N. Makarov

Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract: The temperature (internal energy) of clusters and nanoparticles is an important physical parameter which affects many of their properties and the character of processes they are involved in. At the same time, determining the temperature of free clusters and nanoparticles in molecular beams is a rather complicated problem because the temperature of small particles depends on their size. In this paper, recently developed kinetic methods for measuring the temperature of clusters and nanoparticles in molecular beams are reviewed. The definition of temperature in the present context is given, and how the temperature affects the properties of and the processes involving the particles is discussed. The temperature behavior of clusters and nanoparticles near a phase transition point is analyzed. Early methods for measuring the temperature of large clusters are briefly described. It is shown that, compared to other methods, new kinetic methods are more universal and applicable for determining the temperature of clusters and nanoparticles of practically any size and composition. The future development and applications of these methods are outlined.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0181.201104b.0365

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Full text: http://www.ufn.ru/.../b
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English version:
Physics–Uspekhi, 2011, 54:4, 351–370

Bibliographic databases:

PACS: 07.77.Gx, 36.40.-c, 36.40.Ei, 42.62.Fi, 81.07.Nb, 82.50.Hp
Received: April 21, 2010
Revised: June 17, 2010

Citation: G. N. Makarov, “Kinetic methods for measuring the temperature of clusters and nanoparticles in molecular beams”, UFN, 181:4 (2011), 365–387; Phys. Usp., 54:4 (2011), 351–370

Citation in format AMSBIB
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    Citing articles on Google Scholar: Russian citations, English citations
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    This publication is cited in the following articles:
    1. A. I. Kulmentev, “Izmerenie integralnykh kharakteristik atomnykh klasterov pri kompyuternom modelirovanii”, Matem. modelirovanie, 24:3 (2012), 97–112  mathnet  elib
    2. Valentin M. Apatin, Valery N. Lokhman, Danil D. Ogurok, Denis G. Poydashev, Evgeny A. Ryabov, “Photodissociation of IF2CCOF clusters by resonant IR radiation”, Eur. Phys. J. D, 67:3 (2013), 66  crossref  isi  scopus
    3. Marina Ganeva, A.V. Pipa, B.M. Smirnov, P.V. Kashtanov, Rainer Hippler, “Velocity distribution of mass-selected nano-size cluster ions”, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., 22:4 (2013), 045011  crossref  isi  scopus
    4. G. N. Makarov, A. N. Petin, “Disintegration of argon clusters in collisions with highly vibrationally excited SF$_6$ molecules in crossed molecular and cluster beams”, JETP Letters, 97:2 (2013), 76–81  mathnet  crossref  crossref  isi  elib  elib
    5. V. M. Apatin, V. N. Lokhman, G. N. Makarov, N.-D. D. Ogurok, A. N. Petin, E. A. Ryabov, “Laser ultraviolet fragmentation of homogeneous (CF$_3$I)$_n$ clusters in a molecular beam and (CF$_3$I)$_n$ clusters inside of large (Xe)$_m$ clusters or on their surface”, JETP Letters, 97:12 (2013), 697–703  mathnet  crossref  crossref  isi  elib  elib
    6. G. N. Makarov, “Laser applications in nanotechnology: nanofabrication using laser ablation and laser nanolithography”, Phys. Usp., 56:7 (2013), 643–682  mathnet  crossref  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  elib
    7. M. Basire, J.-M. Soudan, C. Angelié, “Nanothermodynamics of large iron clusters by means of a flat histogram Monte Carlo method”, J. Chem. Phys, 141:10 (2014), 104304  crossref  isi  scopus
    8. M. Ganeva, P.V. Kashtanov, B.M. Smirnov, R. Hippler, “Angular and velocity distribution of nano-size cluster beams in a gas flow”, Vacuum, 2014  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    9. G. N. Makarov, A. N. Petin, “Disintegration of Ar N , Kr N , and (N2) N clusters during collisions with highly vibrationally excited SF6 molecules”, J. Exp. Theor. Phys, 119:3 (2014), 398  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    10. D.G.. Poydashev, V.N.. Lokhman, V.O.. Kompanets, S.V.. Chekalin, E.A.. Ryabov, “Ultrafast Dissociation Dynamics of [Fe(CO)5]nClusters Induced by Femtosecond IR Radiation”, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2014, 1411121120  crossref  isi  scopus
    11. V. M. Apatin, V. N. Lokhman, G. N. Makarov, N. -D. D. Ogurok, A. N. Petin, “Ultraviolet and infrared laser-induced fragmentation of free (CF3I) n clusters in a molecular beam and (CF3I) n clusters inside or on the surface of large (Xe) m clusters”, J. Exp. Theor. Phys, 120:2 (2015), 191  crossref  isi  scopus
    12. N.N. Nikitenkov, A.N. Sutygina, I.A. Shulepov, D.O. Sivin, E.B. Kashkarov, “Study of the plasma immersion implantation of titanium in stainless steel”, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng, 81 (2015), 012018  crossref  isi  scopus
    13. G. N. Makarov, “Low energy methods of molecular laser isotope separation”, Phys. Usp., 58:7 (2015), 670–700  mathnet  crossref  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  elib
    14. Kompanets V.O. Lokhman V.N. Poydashev D.G. Chekalin S.V. Ryabov E.A., “Dynamics of photoprocesses induced by femtosecond infrared radiation in free molecules and clusters of iron pentacarbonyl”, J. Exp. Theor. Phys., 122:4 (2016), 621–632  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    15. G. N. Makarov, “Laser IR fragmentation of molecular clusters: the role of channels for energy input and relaxation, the influence of surroundings, and the dynamics of fragmentation”, Phys. Usp., 60:3 (2017), 227–258  mathnet  crossref  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib
    16. G. N. Makarov, “Control of the parameters and composition of molecular and cluster beams by means of IR lasers”, Phys. Usp., 61:7 (2018), 617–644  mathnet  crossref  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib
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