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UFN, 2007, Volume 177, Number 4, Pages 347–368 (Mi ufn451)  

This article is cited in 65 scientific papers (total in 65 papers)


Intense shock waves and extreme states of matter

V. E. Fortov

Institute for High Energy Density, Associated Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract: The physical properties of hot dense matter over а broad domain оf the phase diagram are of immediate interest in astrophysics, planetary physics, power engineering, controlled thermonuclear fusion, impulse technologies, enginery, and several special applications. The use of intense shock waves in dynamic physics and high-pressure chemistry has made the exotic high-energy-density states of matter а subject of laboratory experiments and enabled advancing by many orders of magnitude along the pressure scale to range into the megabars and even gigabars. The present report reviews the latest experimental research involving shock waves in nonideal plasmas under conditions of strong collective interparticle interaction. The results of investigations into the thermodynamic, transport, and optical properties of strongly compressed hot matter, as well as into its composition and conductivity, are discussed. Experimental techniques for high energy density cumulation, the drivers of intense shock waves, and methods for the fast diagnostics of high-energy plasma are considered. Also discussed are compression-stimulated physical effects: pressure-induced ionization, plasma phase transitions, the deformation of bound states, plasma blooming ('transparentization' of plasma), etc. Suggestions for future research are put forward.


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Physics–Uspekhi, 2007, 50:4, 333–353

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PACS: 52.25.-b, 52.35.Tc, 64.
Received: December 18, 2006

Citation: V. E. Fortov, “Intense shock waves and extreme states of matter”, UFN, 177:4 (2007), 347–368; Phys. Usp., 50:4 (2007), 333–353

Citation in format AMSBIB
\by V.~E.~Fortov
\paper Intense shock waves and extreme states of matter
\jour UFN
\yr 2007
\vol 177
\issue 4
\pages 347--368
\jour Phys. Usp.
\yr 2007
\vol 50
\issue 4
\pages 333--353

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