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UFN, 2016, Volume 186, Number 5, Pages 449–470 (Mi ufn5409)  

This article is cited in 25 scientific papers (total in 25 papers)


Attosecond electromagnetic pulses: generation, measurement, and application. Generation of high-order harmonics of an intense laser field for attosecond pulse production

V. V. Strelkovab, V. T. Platonenkoc, A. F. Sterzhantovc, M. Yu. Ryabikinde

a Prokhorov General Physics Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
b Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow region
c Lomonosov Moscow State University
d Lobachevski State University of Nizhni Novgorod
e Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod

Abstract: This review presents the current state of research on the generation and application of subfemtosecond (or attosecond, where $1$ as$ =10^{-18}$ s) ultraviolet and X-ray pulses. Emission of attosecond pulses is closely related to the generation of high-order harmonics in a laser field: the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with matter causes the generation of high-order harmonics whose highest orders range from dozens to thousands and which produce attosecond pulses when they are phase-locked in a sufficiently broad spectral region. Two ways of attosecond pulse generation, the interaction of an intense laser radiation with a gaseous medium and with the edge of a solid state plasma, are discussed. The theory of the microscopic high-frequency response of a gaseous medium to an intense low-frequency laser field is presented together with numerical results based on the solution of the time-dependent Schr$\ddot o$dinger equation for an atom in the external field. The review describes the methodology for calculating the macroscopic response and for analyzing the phase-matching in high-order harmonic generation. For the generation of coherent XUV radiation at the edge of a dense plasma, different generation scenarios are discussed, a simple model is proposed, and a comparison of model predictions with numerical results obtained from particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations is given.

Funding Agency Grant Number
Russian Foundation for Basic Research 14-02-00878-
This study was partially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant Nos 14-02-00762-a, 16-02-00858-a, and 14-02-00878-a).


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English version:
Physics–Uspekhi, 2016, 59:5, 425–445

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PACS: 42.65.Ky, 42.65.Re, 52.38.-r
Received: September 7, 2015
Revised: December 1, 2015
Accepted: December 23, 2015

Citation: V. V. Strelkov, V. T. Platonenko, A. F. Sterzhantov, M. Yu. Ryabikin, “Attosecond electromagnetic pulses: generation, measurement, and application. Generation of high-order harmonics of an intense laser field for attosecond pulse production”, UFN, 186:5 (2016), 449–470; Phys. Usp., 59:5 (2016), 425–445

Citation in format AMSBIB
\by V.~V.~Strelkov, V.~T.~Platonenko, A.~F.~Sterzhantov, M.~Yu.~Ryabikin
\paper Attosecond electromagnetic pulses: generation, measurement, and application. Generation of high-order harmonics of an intense laser field for attosecond pulse production
\jour UFN
\yr 2016
\vol 186
\issue 5
\pages 449--470
\jour Phys. Usp.
\yr 2016
\vol 59
\issue 5
\pages 425--445

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