RUS  ENG    JOURNALS   PEOPLE   ORGANISATIONS   CONFERENCES   SEMINARS   VIDEO LIBRARY   PACKAGE AMSBIB
General information
Latest issue
Forthcoming papers
Archive
Impact factor
Subscription
Guidelines for authors
Submit a manuscript

Search papers
Search references

RSS
Latest issue
Current issues
Archive issues
What is RSS



UFN:
Year:
Volume:
Issue:
Page:
Find






Personal entry:
Login:
Password:
Save password
Enter
Forgotten password?
Register


UFN, 2008, Volume 178, Number 1, Pages 85–108 (Mi ufn555)  

This article is cited in 23 scientific papers (total in 23 papers)

INSTRUMENTS AND METHODS OF INVESTIGATION

Electron emission from ferroelectric plasma cathodes

G. A. Mesyats

P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract: Recent and not so recent experimental data are analyzed to show that the reason for strong electron emission from dielectric cathodes is the incomplete discharge occurring on the dielectric surface due to the electric field there being tangentially nonzero. The places of origin of such discharges are the metal–dielectric–vacuum triple junctions (TJs). As the discharge plasma moves over the surface of the dielectric electrode, the bias current arises, and an electric microexplosion occurs at a TJ. If the number of TJs is large, as it is for a metal grid held tightly to a ferroelectric, electron currents of up to $10^4$ A with densities of more than $10^2$ A cm$^{-2}$ can be achieved. A surface discharge is initiated by applying a triggering pulse to the metal substrate deposited beforehand onto the opposite side of the ferroelectric. If this pulse leads the accelerating voltage pulse, the electron current is many times the Child–Langmuir current. The reason for the ferroelectric effect is the large permittivity ($\varepsilon>10^3$) of the materials used (BaTiO$_3$, PLZT, PZT). Although these devices have come to be known as ferroelectric cathodes, we believe ferroelectric plasma cathodes would be a better term to use to emphasize the key role of plasma effects.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0178.200801e.0085

Full text: PDF file (5175 kB)
Full text: http://www.ufn.ru/ru/articles/2008/1/f/
References: PDF file   HTML file

English version:
Physics–Uspekhi, 2008, 51:1, 79–100

Bibliographic databases:

PACS: 52.80.-s, 84.70.+p, 85.45.-w
Received: June 28, 2007
Revised: August 14, 2007

Citation: G. A. Mesyats, “Electron emission from ferroelectric plasma cathodes”, UFN, 178:1 (2008), 85–108; Phys. Usp., 51:1 (2008), 79–100

Citation in format AMSBIB
\Bibitem{Mes08}
\by G.~A.~Mesyats
\paper Electron emission from ferroelectric plasma cathodes
\jour UFN
\yr 2008
\vol 178
\issue 1
\pages 85--108
\mathnet{http://mi.mathnet.ru/ufn555}
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0178.200801e.0085}
\adsnasa{http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/bib_query?2008PhyU...51...79M}
\transl
\jour Phys. Usp.
\yr 2008
\vol 51
\issue 1
\pages 79--100
\crossref{https://doi.org/10.1070/PU2008v051n01ABEH006426}
\isi{http://gateway.isiknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&KeyUT=000256193500005}
\scopus{https://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?origin=inward&eid=2-s2.0-43949144229}


Linking options:
  • http://mi.mathnet.ru/eng/ufn555
  • http://mi.mathnet.ru/eng/ufn/v178/i1/p85

    SHARE: VKontakte.ru FaceBook Twitter Mail.ru Livejournal Memori.ru


    Citing articles on Google Scholar: Russian citations, English citations
    Related articles on Google Scholar: Russian articles, English articles

    This publication is cited in the following articles:
    1. Yarmolich D., Vekselman V., Gurovich V.Tz., Felsteiner J., Krasik Ya.E., “Energetic particle and photon emission during dense plasma formation at the ferroelectric surface”, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., 17:3 (2008), 035002, 9 pp.  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
    2. Kushnir V.A., Khodak I.V., “A plasma cathode for a radio-frequency gun”, Instrum. Exp. Tech., 51:5 (2008), 729–735  crossref  isi  scopus
    3. Gurovich V.Tz., Krasik Ya.E., Raichlin V., Felsteiner J., Haber I., “Addressing the plasma formation on the surface of a ferroelectric sample”, J. Appl. Phys., 106:5 (2009), 053301, 5 pp.  crossref  adsnasa  isi  scopus
    4. Vekselman V., Gleizer J., Yatom S., Yarmolich D., Gurovich V.Tz., Bazalitski G., Krasik Ya.E., Bernshtam V., “Laser induced fluorescence of the ferroelectric plasma source assisted hollow anode discharge”, Phys. Plasmas, 16:11 (2009), 113504, 9 pp.  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
    5. Yarmolich D., Vekselman V., Gurovich V.Tz., Felsteiner J., Krasik Ya.E., “Energetic particles and radiation intense emission during ferroelectric surface discharge”, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 37:7 (2009), 1261–1266  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
    6. Ye Yun, Guo Tailiang, “Electron emission out of poly (Vinylidene Fluoride) thin films”, Integrated Ferroelectrics, 107:1 (2009), 105–111  crossref  isi  scopus
    7. Yu. V. Korobkin, S. P. Gorbunov, V. V. Myaekivi, V. L. Paperny, “Wide-aperture plasma jet source based on low-voltage spark discharge with ferroelectric electrode”, Tech Phys Lett, 36:5 (2010), 447  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
    8. R. Ben-Moshe, M. Einat, “23 GHz ferroelectric electron gun based gyrotron”, Appl. Phys. Lett, 98:17 (2011), 173506  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
    9. B. Konieczna, K. Biedrzycki, H. W. Janus, L. Markowski, “Peculiarity of Low Density Plasma-Assisted Charge Emission Produced at LATGS Crystal Surface”, Ferroelectrics, 417:1 (2011), 33  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    10. Kafadaryan Y.A., Aghamalyan N.R., Petrosyan S.I., Hovsepyan R.K., Lazaryan V.G., Kuzanyan A.S., “Electrical properties of LaB6/PZT/Ag structure with asymmetric interface charge distribution”, International Conference on Laser Physics 2010, Proceedings of SPIE-the International Society for Optical Engineering, 7998, 2011  isi
    11. Gleizer J.Z., Vekselman V., Yatom Sh., Felsteiner J., Krasik Ya.E., “Low-energy electron beam source”, Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids, 166:6 (2011), 389–398  crossref  isi  scopus
    12. Orlikov L.N., Romanov V.Ya., Arestov S.I., Shandarov S.M., “Issledovanie sposobov upravleniya generatsiei elektronnogo potoka iz niobata litiya pri termotsiklirovanii”, Doklady Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta sistem upravleniya i radioelektroniki, 2011, no. 2-2, 135–138  elib
    13. M. Einat, M. Pilossof, R. Ben-Moshe, H. Hirshbein, D. Borodin, “95 GHz Gyrotron with Ferroelectric Cathode”, Phys. Rev. Lett, 109:18 (2012)  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    14. Hutsel B.T., Kovaleski S.D., Baxter E.A., Kwon J.W., “Charged-Particle Emission and Self-Biasing of a Piezoelectric Transformer Plasma Source”, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 41:1 (2013), 99–105  crossref  adsnasa  isi  elib  scopus
    15. H.W. Janus, J Halenka, K Biedrzycki, “Dielectric barrier discharge at the triglycine sulfate crystal surface: the role of the electric field of the domain structure”, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys, 47:30 (2014), 305202  crossref  isi  scopus
    16. B. M. Darinskii, A. P. Lazarev, A. S. Sigov, “Polarization switching of multiaxial ferroelectrics in an electric field”, Phys. Solid State, 57:6 (2015), 1160  crossref  isi  scopus
    17. Hang T., Glaum J., Genenko Yu.A., Toan Phung, Hoffman M., “Investigation of Partial Discharge in Piezoelectric Ceramics”, Acta Mater., 102 (2016), 284–291  crossref  isi  scopus
    18. Khasanshin R.H., Novikov L.S., Korovin S.B., “Effect of residual atmospheric pressure on the development of electrostatic discharges at the surface of protective glasses of solar cells”, J. Surf. Ingestig., 10:5 (2016), 1001–1010  crossref  isi  scopus
    19. Orbach Ya., Nissan T., Bauer Y., Pilossof M., Einat M., “Experimental Study of 50-kV/3.5-A Hollow Electron Beam Produced by Ferroelectric Cathode”, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 63:5 (2016), 2156–2162  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    20. Stepanov A.D., Gilson E.P., Grisham L.R., Kaganovich I.D., Davidson R.C., “Dynamics of ion beam charge neutralization by ferroelectric plasma sources”, Phys. Plasmas, 23:4 (2016), 043113  crossref  isi  elib  scopus
    21. Khodak I.V., Kushnir V.A., Mitrochenko V.V., Opanasenko A.N., “Beam Dynamics in Rf Gun With Plasma Cathode”, Probl. At. Sci. Technol., 2017, no. 6, 80–84  isi
    22. Mesyats G.A., “Russian Physics Journal (Former Soviet Physics Journal) and Its Contribution to the Development of High-Current Pulse Electronics and Electrophysics”, Russ. Phys. J., 61:5 (2018), 807–820  crossref  isi  scopus
    23. Liu Ya., Xu X., Xu Zh., Feng Yu., Lou X., “The Impact of Surface Plasma on the Total Emission Charge From Pzst Cathode Induced By Nanosecond Electric Pulse”, Pramana-J. Phys., 92:4 (2019), 58  crossref  isi  scopus
  • Успехи физических наук Physics-Uspekhi
    Number of views:
    This page:422
    Full text:142
    References:63
    First page:1

     
    Contact us:
     Terms of Use  Registration  Logotypes © Steklov Mathematical Institute RAS, 2021