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UFN, 2010, Volume 180, Number 2, Pages 185–207 (Mi ufn887)  

This article is cited in 42 scientific papers (total in 42 papers)

REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS

Experimental methods for determining the melting temperature and the heat of melting of clusters and nanoparticles

G. N. Makarov

Institute for Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences

Abstract: Unlike macroscopic objects, clusters and nanoparticles lack a definite melting temperature at a given pressure but rather have their solid and liquid phases coexistent in a certain temperature range and their melting temperature dependent on the particle size. As the particle size decreases, the melting temperature becomes fundamentally difficult to define. This review examines methods for measuring the melting temperature and the heat of melting of clusters and nanoparticles. The temperature (internal energy) of the particles is defined and how it affects the properties of and processes involving the particles is discussed. The melting features of clusters and nanoparticles versus bulk materials are examined. Early methods of determining the melting temperature of large clusters are described. Newprecision methods of measuring the melting temperature and the heat of melting of clusters are discussed, which use clusters themselves as “high-sensitivity calorimeters” to measure energy. Laser-based nanoparticle melting techniques are outlined.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3367/UFNr.0180.201002d.0185

Full text: PDF file (4770 kB)
Full text: http://www.ufn.ru/ru/articles/2010/2/d/
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English version:
Physics–Uspekhi, 2010, 53:2, 179–198

Bibliographic databases:

PACS: 07.77.Gx, 32.80.-t, 36.40.-c, 36.40.Ei, 42.62.Fi, 81.07.-b
Received: March 3, 2009
Revised: March 17, 2009

Citation: G. N. Makarov, “Experimental methods for determining the melting temperature and the heat of melting of clusters and nanoparticles”, UFN, 180:2 (2010), 185–207; Phys. Usp., 53:2 (2010), 179–198

Citation in format AMSBIB
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    Citing articles on Google Scholar: Russian citations, English citations
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    This publication is cited in the following articles:
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