The journal's publisher, RUDN University, is a co-founder and a member of the Association of Scientific Editors and Publishers (ASEP), Russia, and supports the ASEP
Declaration on the Ethical Principles of Scientific Publications.
The ethic policy of this journal is based on recomendations from international commettees:
Editors have sole responsibility for acceptance or rejection of a manuscript. The manuscript may be rejected by the editor on the stage prior to peer-review for a solid reason (inappropriate topic for journal, clearly of poor scientific quality, the article was previously published elsewhere, essential contradiction to ethical principles of the Journal was detected). Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain. Editors should guarantee that the quality of the papers conforms to internationally accepted scientific and publication ethical guidelines. If there is conflict of interest of the editor with the author of the article, the article should be transmitted to another editor.
The editor transmits all the submitted manuscripts, which were not rejected according to the reasons stated below, for peer-review. The editor chooses the reviewers out of the most competent specialists on the topic of the article.
Editors should preserve anonymity of reviewers and should not tell the reviewers the names of the authors.
Editors should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record and be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial opinion works should be clearly identified as such.
The editorial board adheres to ethical standards in its work and, above all, defending the right to editorial independence. Placement of promotional materials and sponsorship can not influence in any way on editorial decisions and editorial content. The journal does not publish materials to accompany the advertising and does not sell advertising for specific articles. Advertising and information materials is not mixed with the editorial content.
All decisions on advertising placement are only accepted by the publisher. The editors reserve the right not to accept advertising materials, placement does not meet the publication policy.
Data Access and Retention
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
Originality and Plagiarism
Plagiarism takes many forms, from passing off another paper as the author(s) own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another(s) paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
The Editorial Board considers the following to be the forms plagiarism:
- Use (word for word citing) of any materials in any value without indicating the source;
- use of images, pictures, photographs, tables, diagrams, schemes or any other forms of graphical information presentation without indicating the source;
- use of images, pictures, photographs, tables, diagrams, schemes or any other forms of graphical information presentation published in scientific and popular issues without approving by copyright holder;
- use of the materials without written permission, the authors or copyright holders of which don’t permit use of their materials without special approvement.
The Editorial Board considers the following to be the forms of incorrect borrowing:
- Absence of graphical highlighting of literal text citation when there are references to the source;
- incorrect references (incomplete bibliographic description of the sources, which prevents their identification;
- reference not to the first source of the borrowed text without clear indication of this fact (mistake in primary source determination);
- absence of references from the text to the sources enumerated in the list below the article;
- excessive citation (in case there are references to the sources and graphical highlighting of the cited text), the volume of which is not justified by the genre and aims of the article.
Only original works are acceptable for publication in journal. The journal does not allow any forms of plagiarism.
If the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
The journal is using "ANTIPLAGIAT" software for plagiarism detection in all Russian-language manuscripts. The Google Scholar is used for English-language manuscripts. Papers will be rejected from any stage of the publication process (even if the article was published already) if plagiarism will be fined.
Papers will be rejected from any stage of the publication process (even if the article were published already) if plagiarism will be fined.
Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper. Publication of some kinds of articles (eg, clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.
Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
Hazards and Human Subjects
Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
Statement of Human Rights
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 and 2008. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the authors obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learn from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.
In some cases the Editorial Board may consider retracting a publication.
The reasons for retraction may be the following:
- it constitutes plagiarism, including borrowed pictures, tables, diagrams, etc. If plagiarism was detected after publication (see Plagiarism Policy);
- third party expresses claims concerning copyrights for the article or its parts;
- the findings have previously been published elsewhere before the date of its publication in the journal.
The published article has serious errors, which place its scientific value in question.
In such cases the Editor should initiate the revision, after which the article may be retracted. The Act on retraction is complied, which is signed by the editor-in-chief. The copy of the Act is being sent to the author of the article.
In this case the article is not physically withdrawn from the published edition and the file of the issue on web site. The Editorial Office publishes the notification on retraction of the article on the corresponding page of the issue content on the official site of the Journal. The Editorial Office should attentively consider issuing an expression of concern about the revealed problems in the published materials.
The Editorial Board considers it a responsibility of authors and reviewers to promptly inform about the missed mistakes and breaches revealed after the publication of the article.
Information about the authors (surname, name, family name, affiliation, e-mail, contact number), which is provided by them for publication in the journal, is becoming available for indefinite range of persons, for which the authors give their permission by submitting their article to editors of the journal for publishing.
The following data is published for the convenience of the authors with the aim of the full and correct account of publications and their citation by the corresponding bibliography companies and providing the possibility of contacting the authors ans the scientific society.
Personal information provided by the authors in addition to the enumerated below include additional e-mails and phones. These will be used only for contacting the authors in the process of preparing the publication. The Editorial Board may not transmit this information to the third party, who can use in for some other purposes.
The page is based on original materials from the Elsevier: http://cdn.elsevier.com/promis_misc/ethicalguidelinesforauthors.pdf.