The Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) is a theoretical successor of the Sverdlovsk Branch of the V.A.Steklov Mathematical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences (the Russian abbreviation is SOMI) which was organized according to the decision of the USSR Council of Ministers dated of August 6, 1956, and the decision of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences dated of September 17, 1956.
In 1957, the construction of the building of SOMI started at the address S. Kovalevskaya Str. 16, and the first SOMI part was put into operation in April, 1961.
Professor S. B. Stechkin was nominated the first Vice-Director of the V. A. Steklov Mathematical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences in charge of the Sverdlovsk Branch. The first order on SOMI was issued on February 24, 1961.
Since March 1967, according to the decision of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Sciences, Professor S.D.Volkov was nominated the acting Vice-Director in charge of SOMI. Since June, 1968, DSc., Professor A. I. Starostin was nominated the Vice-Director in charge of SOMI.
SOMI was reorganized as the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of the USSR Academy of Sciemces according to the plan of development of scientific institutions in the Urals in keeping with the decision of the USSR Council of Ministers of August 38, 1969 and the decision of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences of May 28, 1970.
The Institute was placed under the scientific supervision of the Branch of Mathematics of the USSR Academy of Sciences together with the Branch of Mechanics and Control Processes of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
The main directions of scientific investigations of the Institute were specified:
According to the 1970's decision the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics (IMM) of the USSR Academy of Sciences was headed by Academician N. N. Krasovsky.
- development of the mathematical theory of control processes;
- theoretical investigation in the field of algebra, differential equations and the theory of functions;
- elaboration of metons for solving problems with the help of computers, including economic problems, technological ones, problems of mathematical physics;
- development of calculation means of high productivity
- development of methods of nonlinear mechanics with applications to problems of stability of oscillations and control
- development of mathematical methods of continuum mechanics
Since March 1971, IMM was incorporated into the Urals Scientific Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Since February 1977, DSc., Professor A. B. Kurzhanskii became the Director of the Institute, and, since Desember 1983, DSc., Professor V. D. Batukhtin became the acting Director of the Institute.
Since October 1986, IMM was headed by Academician Yu. S. Osipov. In Desember 1991, Yu. S. Osipov was elected as President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Since December 1993 and till March 1999, Academician A. F. Sidorov became the Director of the Institute.
Due to the reorganization of the Urals Scientific Center in February 1987, IMM was included into the Ural Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In Desember 1991, because of the organization of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute was incorporated in the Ural Branch of the RAS.
Within 30 years at the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics, acknowledged scientific schools have been formed on many important directions of modern and classic mathematics: mathematical theory of control processes, analytical and numerical methods of continuum mechanics, the theory of ill-posed problems and generalized functions, the theory of approximation of functions and operators, methods of convex optimization and pattern recognition, in the field of modern algebra and topology.
The traditions established in the sphere of mathematical resarch resulted in awarding Lenin Prizes in 1966, to Correspoding Member V. K. Ivanov together with Academician A. N. Tikhonov for the elaboration of the theory and methods of solution of ill-posed problems; in 1976, to Academicians N. N. Krasovskii, A. B. Kurzhanskii, Yu. S. Osipov, Corresponding Member A. I. Subbotin for a cycle of investigations in the mathematical theory of control problems. In 1996, Academitian N. N. Krasovskii won the Demidov Prize, and, in 1997, he was awarded by the M. V. Lomonosov Gold Medal of RAS. Source: www.imm.uran.ru
Other institution names:
- Institute of Mathematics and Computing Centre of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
- Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics, Ural Branch of the AS of USSR
- Institute of Mathematics of the Ural Branch of RAS
- Sverdlovsk Branch of the V. A. Steklov Mathematical Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences