The Bashkir State University was founded in 1957 on the basis of the Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute named after K. A. Timiryazev. The University is actually the legal successor of the Ufa Teachers' Training Institute (est. 1918) the first higher education institution in the Republic of Bashkortostan, which in 1920 was transformed into the Institute of Public Education and later into the Pedagogical Institute. Today this major scientific, educational and cultural center of the Republic ranks among the top ten classical universities of the Russian Federation.
At various phases of its history the University employed outstanding Russian and Bashkortostani scientists and scholars: Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences N. N. Bogolyubov: mathematicians, Corresponding Members of the USSR Academy of Sciences A. F. Leontyev and A. M. Ilyin, Professors L. I. Rubinshtein, A. B. Shabat, S. I. Pinchuk; linguistics and literature specialists, Professors D. G. Kiyekbayev, L. G. Barag, V. I. Baranov, A. N. Kireyev, I. P. Raspopov, N. F. Cheremisina, Assistant Professor Z. Sh. Shakirov; historians, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences R. G. Kuzeyev, Professors Sh. Kh. Chanbarisov and I. S. Kisselgof; biochemist, Academician of the All-Union Agriculture Academy named after Lenin V. G. Konarev; botanists, Professors Yu. Z. Kulaghin and G. V. Zabluda; physiologist, Professor A. S. Dmitriyev; physicist, Professor M. M. Farztdinov; chemists Professors Ye. F. Zhuravlyov and Yu. V. Svetkin; geologist, Professor D. G. Ozhiganov and others.
The formation of the school of Turkic studies was greatly affected by the works of the Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Academician of the USSR Academy of Pedagogical Sciences N. K. Dmitriyev author of the first academic grammar of the Bashkir language. Major influence upon the development of Bashkortostani learning and education was exerted by great scholars, scientists and cultural
workers of the Ukraine, who were active in Ufa during WWII: M. F. Rylski, P. G. Tychina, A. Ye. Korneichuk, L. A. Bulakhovski.
Great has been their contribution into the creation of schools along topical directions of humanities and sciences, this contribution enabling to solve the task of training national scientific and pedagogical personnel and ensure high standards of instruction and research.
The University currently employs about 1580 instructors, including 226 Doctors and 726 Candidates of Science. 42 Doctors have been elected Full Members and Corresponding Members of various academies.
More than 24,755 students are trained in 74 trades at the full-time department.
The University incorporates 15 departments in Ufa and 3 branches located in Sibai, Sterlitamak and Neftekamsk. Instruction is effected by 73 chairs.
The University provides postgraduate training in 58 specialties and doctorate training in 23, there being 13 academic boards for theses defense.
Science is represented by the R&D center, three problem and multi-branch laboratories, the R&D Institute for Sociology, the Bashkir Patent Center, the «Zaryad» experiment and design bureau focusing on building computer systems, measuring instruments and machine-tools for the engineering industry.
The University instructors annually issue 110 titles of monographs, textbooks and teaching aids.
The Bashkir University participates in international integration activities, cooperating on a contractual basis with universities in the USA, Turkey, Germany, France, Italy, Egypt, Hungary, Japan and China in the sphere of science and higher education.
The Bashkir University is a vibrantly growing institution. The transition is currently accomplished to a multi-level system of higher professional training. The high standard of theoretical and methodological background of the professor and instructor staff supported by academic traditions facilitates training highly-qualified specialists.
The University is justly proud of its graduates. More than 60,000 specialists have been trained here since 1957 thus contributing significantly to Bashkortostan's intellectual potential. Widely known are the names of Heroes of Socialist Labour: People's Poet of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Lenin Prize Winner Mustai Karim, People's Teacher of the USSR Kh. Kh. lskandarova, Merited Teacher of the Republic of Bashkortostan L. Sh. Kamalova, Hero of the Soviet Union Zubai Utyagulov. More than athousand University graduates have been awarded honorary titles of the Russian Federation and those of the Republic of Bashkortostan, and 67 of them are members of the Writers' Union of Russia.