The Institute was founded in 1966. It is situated in Theophania, a picturesque suburb of Kiev, in the precious forest in the neighborhood of the Saint Panteleimon cathedral.
The founder and the first Director of the Institute was an outstanding theorist Academician M.Bogolyubov. From 1973 to 1988 the Director of the Institute was Academician O.Davydov. From 1988 to 2002, the Institute has been headed by Academician O.Sytenko. Science February 2002 the Institute is headed by Director Correspondent-Member of the Academy A.Zagorodny.
Initially, the Institute consisted of three departments: of mathematical methods in theoretical physics (headed by Academician O.Parasiuk), nuclear theory (headed by Academician O.Davydov), and theory of elementary particles (first headed by doctor of physics and mathematics A.Tavkhelidze, later, since 1969 - by Correspondent-Member of the Academy V.Shelest).
In 1968, a department of theory of nuclear reactions was organized and headed by Doctor of physics and mathematics O.Sytenko.
In 1969, a department of statistical theory of condensed matter was organized in Lviv. It was headed by Doctor of physics and mathematics I.Yukhnovsky. Later this department has been reorganized into the Lviv division of statistical physics of the Institute for Theoretical Physics (in 1980) and then into the Institute of Condensed Matter Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1990). The head of this Institute is Academician I.Yukhnovsky.
Nowadays, the Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences includes the Departments: of Nuclear and Quantum Field Theory, Astrophysics and Elementary Particles, Nonlinear Condensed Matter Physics, Mathematical Methods of Theoretical Physics, Theory and Simulation of Plasma Processes, High-Density Energy Physics, Quantum Electronics, Structure of Atomic Nuclei, Quantum Theory of Molecules and Crystals, Applied Problems of Theoretical Physics, Computational Methods of Theoretical Physics, Mathematical Modelling, Synergetics. The research staff includes 38 Doctors and 60 Candidates (Ph.D) of physics and mathematics, among them one Member and three Correspondent-Members of the Academy.
The Institute as a modern center of theoretical physics owes much to the research work of Academicians M.Bogolyubov, O.Davydov, O.Sytenko, O.Parasiuk, O.Petrov, V.Baryakhtar, I.Yukhnovskyi, D.Loktev and Correspondent-Members V.Shelest, P.Fomin, D.Petryna, A.Zagorodny.
The Institute hosts several scientific schools in topical problems of theoretical physics: Bogolyubov-Parasiuk school in mathematical physics and quantum field theory, Davydov school in theoretical physics, Sytenko school in nuclear and plasma theory, Fomin school in relativistic astrophysics, cosmology and elementary particles.
The Institute has organized numerous international and domestic conferences. It hosted the XI Rochester Conference on High-Energy Physics in 1970, International Workshops on Nonlinear and Turbulent Processes in Physics in 1979, 1983, 1987, and 1989, International Conference on Quantum Chemistry, Biology, and Pharmacology in 1977, Soviet-American Symposium on Soliton Theory in 1979, Soviet-Italian Symposium on Selected Problems of Statistical Physics in 1984, International Conference on Physics of Liquids in Small Volumes in 1990. Since 1992 the Institute has held regular conferences on hadron physics and new trends in high-energy physics.
The International Conference Physics in Ukraine, held in 1993, has been of great integrating importance for the physicists of independent Ukraine. The Kiev-Dubna Bogolyubov Conference of 1999 was a notable event for scientists from many countries.
In 2001, the Institute hosted the First International BITP-ITEP School in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics for Schoolchildren and Students, and in 2002 - the Second.
The Institute has brought a particular contribution in the organization of International Conferences on Plasma Theory. These Conferences have been initiated by the Institute and hosted in 1971, 1974, and 1987. Nowadays these Conferences are called Kiev Conferences and, since 1976, bear this name in many countries (Trieste, Italy - 1977; Nagoya, Japan - 1980 and 1996; Goeteborg, Sweden - 1982; Lausanne, Switzerland - 1984; New-Delhi, India - 1989; Innsbruck, Austria - 1992; Foz do Iguasu, Brazil - 1994; Prague, Czechia - 1998; Quebec-City, Canada - 2000; Sydney, Australia - 2002).
Researchers of the Institute have published 80 scientific books, 6 collections of papers, and 28 volumes of proceedings of scientific conferences.
Important scientific results, obtained by the research workers of the Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, contribute to the high present-day level and further development of physics in Ukraine.