The Institute of Automation and Remote Control was founded in June 1939, under the auspices of the Technical Sciences Department of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The Institute was assigned the task of expanding fundamental research in the field of automatic control, in close connection with the solution of important practical problems related to this field. The two directions taken by the Institute were the theory of automatic regulation and the creation of components of automatic devices.
The Institute was the first to recognize these studies as a specialty, and concentrated its efforts in forming a Research Board, which brought together many recent graduates of high schools and universities. Many world-renowned scientists have matured within the walls of the Institute, by aiding in the process of solving these new scientific problems. A large number of well-known leading scientists have showed their interest in this newly developing branch of science by participating in the research work of the Institute.
They have shared their experience in the statement of scientific problems, in finding ways of solving the assigned problems, and in creating the basis of a work style and ethics of personal contacts in scientific society (corporate ethics and helping to establish the network of professional contacts with International scientific society). It is important to point out, that in the year of its foundation the Institute was the only independent scientific organization in the field of automatic control.
In the course of its own development, the Institute promoted the growth of new scientific organizations, providing them with its own laboratories and Institute branches. Thus, the laboratory of Communications of the Institute separated to become the Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences. The laboratory of Electronic Devices was eventually included in the Institute of Radiotechnics and Electronics, RAS, and now plays the role of a scientific center dealing specifically with the development of electronic devices.
The Lyvov Institute branch became the basis of the Automation and Machine Science Institute of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, while the Leningrad (St. Petersburg) Institute branch served the basis for the foundation of the Electromechanical Institute, RAS. Additional sections of the Institute formed and established the International Scientific-Research Institute of Control Problems, and the Institute of Physicotechnical Problems, RAS. The Institute also enabled the creation of many other scientific centers in this country. In 1969 Institute of Control Sciences, since the range of its scientific expertise had become the Institute was renamed in the greatly extended.(had extended drastically).
The Institute of Control Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences is a scientific center engaged in basic research in the science and technology of control. The institute regards the generation of new progressive ideas in the science and technology of control as its main function. These ideas then become the basis of strict theories tested in the laboratory and implemented in pilot and industrial automatic and computer-aided systems and devices.
Other institution names:
- Institute of Automation and Remote Control
- Institute of Control Sciences