The General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1983 by Nobel Prize winner Academician A. M. Prokhorov, who headed it till 1998. Academician Prokhorov is now the Institute's Honorary Director.
The Institute's original basis was Division "A" of the Lebedev Physical Institute. Division "A" included Laboratory of Oscillations, Plasma Physics Laboratory, and Monocrystals Department. These units determined the new institute's structure and goals. Laboratory of Oscillations had been founded in 1934. It was headed by the most eminent and world-renowned scientists: Academician N. D. Papaleksi (1934 to 1947), Academician M. A. Leontovich (1947 to 1954), and Academician A. M. Prokhorov (1954 to 1998).
The Institute currently consists of 13 Research Departments and five Research Centers: Natural Sciences Center headed by Academician A. M. Prokhorov, Laser Materials and Technologies Center headed by Academician V. V. Osiko, Wave Research Center headed by Academician F. V. Bunkin, Fiber Optics Research Center headed by Academician E. M. Dianov, and Physical Instrumentation Center in Troitsk, Moscow Region, headed by S. K. Vartapetov, Cand. Sci. The Institute has a staff of 1264, including 600 researchers (87 Doctors of Science, 339 Candidates of Science, 44 Leading Researchers, 211 Senior Researchers, 84 Researchers and Junior Researchers), and 25 postgraduate students.
Six researchers are Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Academicians A. M. Prokhorov, F. V. Bunkin, E. M. Dianov and V. V. Osiko; Corresponding Members P. P. Pashinin and I. A. Shcherbakov), 15 scientists are Members or Corresponding Members of the Academy of Natural and Engineering Sciences and the Laser Academy of the Russian Federation.
Other institution names:
- General Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR