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Complex Approximations, Orthogonal Polynomials and Applications Workshop
June 8, 2021 09:30–10:10, Sochi
 


Analytic continuation of the multiple hypergeometric functions

S. I. Bezrodnykh

Federal Research Center "Computer Science and Control" of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

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Abstract: A wide class of hypergeometric functions in several variables $\mathbf{z} = (z_1, z_2, …, z_N) \in \mathbb{C}^N$ is defined with the help of the Horn series [1–3], which has the form:
$$ \Phi^{(N)} (\mathbf{z}) = \sum\nolimits_{\mathbf{k} \in \mathbb{Z}^N} \Lambda(\mathbf{k}) \mathbf{z}^\mathbf{k};  (1) $$
here $\mathbf{k} = (k_1, k_2, …, k_N)$ is the multi-indices, $\mathbf{z}^\mathbf{k} := z_1^{k_1} z_2^{k_2}\cdots z_N^{k_N}$, and the coefficients $\Lambda(\mathbf{k})$ are such that the ratio of any two adjacent is a rational function of the components of the summation index. In other words, for all $j = \overline{1,N}$ the relations are fulfilled: $\Lambda(\mathbf{k} + \mathbf{e}_j) / \Lambda(\mathbf{k}) = P_j (\mathbf{k}) / Q_j(\mathbf{k})$, $j = \overline{1,N}$, where $P_j$ and $Q_j$ are some polynomials in the $N$ variables $k_1, k_2, …, k_N$ and $\mathbf{e}_j = (0,…,1,…,0)$ denote the vectors with $j$th component equal to 1.

The talk describes the approach proposed in [4] for deriving formulas for the analytic continuation of series (1) with respect to the variables $\mathbf{z}$ into the entire complex space $\mathbb{C}^N$ in the form of linear combinations $ \Phi^{(N)} (\mathbf{z}) = \sum_m A_m u_m (\mathbf{z}) $, where $u_m (\mathbf{z})$ are hypergeometric series of the Horn type satisfying the same system of partial differential equations as the series (1) and $A_m$ are some coefficients. The implementation of this approach is demonstrated by the example of the Lauricella hypergeometric function $F_D^{(N)}$. In the unit polydisk $\mathbb{U}^N:=\{|z_j| < 1,  j = \overline{1, N} \}$, this function is defined by the following series, see [5], [6]:
$$ F_D^{(N)}  (\mathbf{a}; b,   c;  \mathbf{z}) := \sum_{|\mathbf{k}| = 0}^{\infty} \frac{(b)_{|\mathbf{k}|} (a_1)_{k_1} \cdots (a_N)_{k_N}}{(c)_{|\mathbf{k}|} k_1! \cdots k_N!} \mathbf{z}^\mathbf{k} ;  (2) $$
here the complex values $(a_1, …, a_N)=: \mathbf{a}$, $b$, and $c$ play the role of parameters, $c \notin \mathbb{Z}^-$, $|\mathbf{k}| := \sum_{j = 1}^N k_j$, and $k_j \geq 0$, $j = \overline{1, N}$, the Pochhammer symbol is defined as $(a)_m := {\Gamma (a + m)}/{\Gamma (a)} = a (a + 1) \cdots (a + m - 1)$.

In [7], we have constructed a complete set of formulas for the analytic continuation of series (1) for an arbitrary $N$ into the exterior of the unit polydisk. Such formulas represent the function $F_D^{(N)}$ in suitable subdomains of $\mathbb{C}^N$ as linear combinations of hypergeometric series that are solutions of the following system [5], [6] of partial differential equations:
$$ \begin{split} &z_j (1 - z_j) \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial{z_j}^2} + (1 - z_j) \sideset {'}\sum\nolimits_{k = 1}^N z_k \frac{\partial^2u}{\partial z_j \partial z_k}  +
+ [c - (1 + a_j& + b) z_j] \frac{\partial u}{\partial z_j} -  a_j \sideset {'}\sum\nolimits_{k = 1}^N z_k  \frac{\partial u}{\partial z_k}  -  a_j b  u = 0,\qquad j = \overline{1,N}, \end{split} $$
which the function $F_D^{(N)}$ satisfies; here a prime on a summation sign means that the sum is taken for $k \not = j$. The convergence domains of the found continuation formulas together cover $\mathbb{C}^N \setminus\mathbb{U}^N$.

We give an application of the obtained results on the analytic continuation of the Lauricella function $F_D^{(N)}$ to effective computation of conformal map of polygonal domains in the crowding situation.

The work is financially supported by RFBR, proj. 19-07-00750.

Language: English

Website: https://us02web.zoom.us/j/8618528524?pwd=MmxGeHRWZHZnS0NLQi9jTTFTTzFrQT09

* Zoom conference ID: 861 852 8524 , password: caopa

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