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International conference on Function Spaces and Approximation Theory dedicated to the 110th anniversary of S. M. Nikol'skii
May 27, 2015 12:20–13:00, Пленарные доклады, Moscow, Steklov Mathematical Institute of RAS

$B_w^u$-function spaces and their interpolation

T. Sobukawa

Waseda University, Japan
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Abstract: Let $\mathbb{R}^n$ be the $n$-dimensional Euclidean space. We denote by $Q_r$ the open cube centered at the origin and sidelength $2r$, or the open ball centered at the origin and of radius $r$, that is,
\begin{align*} Q_r &=\{y=(y_1,y_2,…,y_n)\in\mathbb{R}^n:\max_{1\le i\le n} |y_i|<r \}\qquador
Q_r&=\{y\in\mathbb{R}^n:|y|<r\}. \end{align*}

For each $r\in(0,\infty)$, let $E(Q_r)$ be a function space on $Q_r$ with quasi-norm $\|\cdot\|_{E(Q_r)}$. Let $E_{Q}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the set of all measurable functions $f$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $f|_{Q_r}\in E(Q_r)$ for all $r>0$.
We assume the following restriction property:
\label{N384:restriction} f|_{Q_r}\in E(Q_r) and 0<t<r<\infty\quad \Longrightarrow\quad f|_{Q_t}\in E(Q_t) and \|f\|_{E(Q_t)}\le C_E\|f\|_{E(Q_r)},
where $C_E$ is a positive constant independent of $r$, $t$ and $f$.
Definition. Let $w\colon (0,\infty)\to(0,\infty)$ be a weight function and let $u\in(0,\infty]$. We define function spaces ${B_{w}^{u}(E)}=B_{w}^{u}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $\dot B_w^u=\dot{B}_{w}^{u}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n)$ as the sets of all functions $f\in E_Q(\mathbb{R}^n)$ such that $\|f\|_{B_{w}^{u}(E)}<\infty$ and $\|f\|_{\dot{B}_{w}^{u}(E)}<\infty$, respectively, where
\begin{align*} \|f\|_{B_{w}^{u}(E)}&=\|w(r)\|f\|_{E(Q_r)}\|_{L^{u}([1,\infty),dr/r)},
\|f\|_{\dot{B}_{w}^{u}(E)}&=\|w(r)\|f\|_{E(Q_r)}\|_{L^{u}((0,\infty),dr/r)}. \end{align*}
In the above we abbreviated $\|f|_{Q_r}\|_{E(Q_r)}$ to $\|f\|_{E(Q_r)}$.
If $E=L^p$, then $\dot{B}_{w}^{u}(L^p)(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is the local Morrey-type space introduced by Burenkov and Guliyev [6], Example 5, below.
Here, we always assume that $w$ has some decreasing condition. Note that, if $w(r)\to\infty$ as $r\to\infty$, then ${B_{w}^{u}(E)}=\dot{B}wu=\{0\}$.
In particular, if $w(r)=r^{-\sigma}$, $\sigma\ge0$ and $u=\infty$, we denote $B_{w}^{u}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $\dot{B}_{w}^{u}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n)$ by $B_{\sigma}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $\dot{B}_{\sigma}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n)$, respectively, which were introduced recently by Komori-Furuya, Matsuoka, Nakai and Sawano [17]. These $B_{\sigma}$-function spaces unify several function spaces, see the following Examples 1–4.
Example 1. $B^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$, the dual of Beuling algebra $A^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (Beurling [2], Feichtinger [12]).
Example 2. The central mean oscillation space $\mathrm{CMO}^{p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, the central bounded mean oscillation space $\mathrm{CBMO}^{p}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (Chen and Lau [11] and García-Cuerva [13] , Lu and Yang [19], [20]).
Example 3. The central Morrey spaces, the $\lambda$-central mean oscillation space and the $\lambda$-central bounded mean oscillation space as an extension of $B^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $\dot{B}^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $\mathrm{CMO}^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $\mathrm{CBMO}^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (García-Cuerva and Herrero [14] and Alvarez, Guzmán-Partida and Lakey [1]).
Example 4. If $E=L_{p,\lambda}$ (Morrey space) or $\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda}$ (Campanato space), then the function spaces $B_{\sigma}(L_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $\dot{B}_{\sigma}(L_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $B_{\sigma}(\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $\dot{B}_{\sigma}(\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n)$ unify the function spaces in above examples and the usual Morrey-Campanato and Lipschitz spaces. Actually, if $\lambda=-n/p$, then $L_{p,\lambda}=L^p$. If $\sigma=0$, then
\begin{align*} B_{0}(L_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n)&=\dot{B}_{0}(L_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n) =L_{p,\lambda}(\mathbb{R}^n),
B_{0}(\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n)&=\dot{B}_{0}(\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda})(\mathbb{R}^n) =\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda}(\mathbb{R}^n). \end{align*}
If $\lambda=0$, then $\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda}(\mathbb{R}^n)=\mathrm{BMO}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for all $p\in[1,\infty)$ (John and Nirenberg [N384:JohnNirenberg1961]). If $\lambda=\alpha\in(0,1]$, then $\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda}(\mathbb{R}^n)=\mathrm{Lip}_{\alpha}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for all $p\in[1,\infty)$ (Campanato [10], Meyers [22], Spanne [24]). $B_{\sigma}$-Morrey-Campanato spaces were investigated in [16], [17], [18], [21].
Example 5. Local Morrey-type space $LM_{p\theta,w}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with the (quasi-)norm
\begin{equation*} \|f\|_{LM_{p\theta,w}} = \|w(r)\|f\|_{L^p(Q_r)}\|_{L^{\theta}(0,\infty)}, \end{equation*}
(Burenkov and Guliyev [6]). $LM_{p\theta,\widetilde{w}}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is expressed by $\dot{B}_{w}^{u}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with $E=L^p$ and $\widetilde{w}(r)=w(r)/r$. For recent progress of local Morrey-type spaces, see [3], [4]. See also [5], [9] for interpolation spaces for local Morrey-type spaces.
In this talk, we treat the interpolation property of $B_w^u$-function spaces. To do this, we also the following decomposition property: For any $f\in E_Q(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and for any $r>0$, there exists a decomposition $f=f_0^r+f_1^r$ such that
\label{N384:decomposition0} \|f_0^r\|_{E(Q_t)}\le \begin{cases} C_E\|f\|_{E(Q_t)} & (0<t<r),
C_E\|f\|_{E(Q_{ar})} & (r\le t<\infty), \end{cases}
and
\label{N384:decomposition1} \|f_1^r\|_{E(Q_t)}\le \begin{cases} 0 & (0<t<cr),
C_E\|f\|_{E(Q_{bt})} & (cr\le t<\infty), \end{cases}
where $C_E$, $a$, $b$, $c$ are positive constants independent of $r$, $t$ and $f$.
Theorem. Assume that a family $\{(E(Q_r),\|\cdot\|_{E(Q_r)})\}_{0<r<\infty}$ has the restriction and decomposition properties above. Let $u_0,u_1,u\in(0,\infty]$, $w_0,w_1\in\mathcal{W}^{\infty}$, and
\begin{equation*} w=w_0^{1-\theta}w_1^\theta. \end{equation*}
Assume also that, for some positive constant $\epsilon$, $(w_0(r)/w_1(r))r^{-\epsilon}$ is almost increasing, or, $(w_1(r)/w_0(r))r^{-\epsilon}$ is almost increasing. Then
\begin{equation*} (\dot{B}_{w_0}^{u_0}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n),\dot{B}_{w_1}^{u_1}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n))_{\theta, u} = \dot{B}_{w}^{u}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n), \end{equation*}
and
\begin{equation*} (B_{w_0}^{u_0}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n),B_{w_1}^{u_1}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n))_{\theta, u, [1,\infty)} = B_{w}^{u}(E)(\mathbb{R}^n). \end{equation*}

Here, $(A_0,A_1)_{\theta, u}$ is the usual $K$-real interpolation space, and we define the quasi-norm of $(A_0,A_1)_{u, [1,\infty)}$ as
\begin{equation*} \|a\|_{(A_0,A_1)_{u, [1,\infty)}} =[\int_1^\infty(\dfrac{K(t,a;A_0,A_1)}{t^\theta})\dfrac{dt}{t}]^{1/u} \end{equation*}

As applications of the interpolation property, we also give the boundedness of linear and sublinear operators. It is known that the Hardy–Littlewood maximal operator, fractional maximal operators, singular and fractional integral operators are bounded on $B_{\sigma}$-Morrey–Campanato spaces, see [16], [17], [18], [21]. Interpolate these function spaces, the we get the boundedness of these operators on $B_w^u(L_{p,\lambda})$,$\dot{B}_w^u(L_{p,\lambda})$, $B_w^u(\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda})$ and $\dot{B}_w^u(\mathcal{L}_{p,\lambda})$, which are also generalization of the results on the local Morrey-type spaces $LM_{pu,w}(\mathbb{R}^n)$.

Materials: abstract.pdf (191.6 Kb)

Language: English

References
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