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Random geometry and physics
September 9, 2014 15:20–16:10, Moscow
 


Area distribution of two-dimensional random walks and non-Hermitian Hofstadter quantum mechanics

S. Ouvry
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S. Ouvry


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Abstract: When random walks on a square lattice are biased horizontally to move solely to the right, the probability distribution of their algebraic area can be exactly obtained. We explicitly map this biased classical random system on a non-Hermitian Hofstadter-like quantum model where a charged particle on a square lattice coupled to a perpendicular magnetic field hopps only to the right. In the commensurate case when the magnetic flux per unit cell is rational, an exact solution of the quantum model is obtained. Periodicity on the lattice allows to relate traces of the $N$th power of the Hamiltonian to probability distribution generating functions of biased walks of length $N$.

Language: English

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