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Seminar of the Department of Mathematical Physics, Steklov Mathematical Institute of RAS
December 25, 2014 11:00, Moscow, Steklov Mathematical Institute of RAS, Room 430 (8 Gubkina)
 


CHSH inequality: Quantum probabilities as classical conditional probabilities

A. Yu. Khrennikov

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Abstract: The theorem of A. Fine implies that the CHSH inequality (the experimentally testable version of the famous Bell inequality) is violated if and only if the joint probability distribution for the quadruples of observables involved the EPR–Bohm–Bell experiment does not exist, i.e., it is impossible to use the classical probabilistic model (Kolmogorov, 1933). We demonstrate that, in spite of Fine's theorem, the results of observations in the Bell experiment can be described in the classical probabilistic framework. However, the “quantum probabilities” have to be interpreted as conditional probabilities, where conditioning is with respect to fixed experimental settings. Our approach is based on the complete account of randomness involved in the experiment. The crucial point is that randomness of selections of experimental settings has to be taken into account. This approach can be applied to any complex experiment in which statistical data are collected for various (in general incompatible) experimental settings.

Language: English

References
  1. A. Khrennikov, CHSH inequality: Quantum probabilities as classical conditional probabilities, arXiv: 1406.4886


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