

Principle Seminar of the Department of Probability Theory, Moscow State University
April 20, 2016 16:45–17:45, Moscow, MSU, auditorium 1224






Diffusion of biopolymers
S. A. Molchanov^{} ^{} University of North Carolina Charlotte

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Abstract:
The classical diffusion theory by EinsteinLangevenSmolukhovski gives the description of the motion of the solid sphere of the small mass $m$ and radius $r$ under action of the random collusions with the molecules of the fluid environment (physical Brownian motion). The diffusion coefficient here is proportional to the absolute temperature $T$.
The diffusion of the biopolymers, typically in the salt solution, has several new features:
1. the existence of the phase transition from the globular (folded) form to the diffusive (unfolded) form.
2. The globule has nonspherical shape and fluctuations in time.
3. The experimental data demonstrate the decreasing of the diffusion coefficient as the function of $T$ (in complete contrast to the classical case).
4. The interaction between biopolymer molecules especially near the threshold value $T_{cr}$ of temperature suppresses (and even eliminates) the diffusion, due to percolation effects.
The talk will contain the review of the theoretical models as well as the experimental results in the actual for biochemical and biotechnological application area. The list of the open mathematical problems also will be presented.

